Located in East Africa, Kenya has been independent since 1963 from Britain. Shortly after, 1964, it became a republic. Kenya's leadership promotes a capitalist-oriented economy. After gaining independence, Kenya developed as an extremely successful economy, however, in the late 1980s, the prosperity of the nation started to drop.
In Kenya, like many other countries, there is immense population growth, however, there is inadequate food production and a scarcity of available land. Kenya's vast land consists of plateaus, plains, mountains, lakes, and many more features. It has a fairly tropical climate with an average temperature of 80 F. Kenya is considered a highly agricultural civilization. Although Kenya does not have very much access to adequate energy, their main renewable source is biomass, and their main nonrenewable source is oil.
Money & Distribution
The growth rate in Kenya is 5.3%. As a highly agriculture dependent society, Kenya's industrial growth contribution is relatively low and the unemployment rate is extremely high at 40%. Annual inflation rate is rampant at 11%, though the public debt is modest at 48.5%. Kenyans are definitely facing tremendous challenges regarding their economy and growth rate. An important goal for them now is to be able to keep a low debt rate while attending to its people's basic needs and daily concerns.
Kenya does not have an adequate amount of accessible energy. Kenya has very little accessibility to coal and its fossil fuel consumption rate is 16.8% and the alternative energy consumption rate is 14.3%.
Currently, the government has not succeeded in ensuring clean and accessible energy to the citizens of Kenya. However, recently, the government has gained an interest in providing the citizens with accessible, clean, and secure energy and to build towards an economy who starts using more renewable and eco-friendly sources.
One of the largest problems in Africa is poverty. In Kenya, about 50% of the population lives below the poverty line. If compared to the United States' poverty percentage of 15%, one can see the relative magnitude of the problem. Although this agricultural country has a high poverty rate, and has a large population, the government is trying to help fix the problems one step at a time.
What Is Being Done
The Kenyan government has established a group called the Ministry of Poverty, whose vision is to provide affordable quality for all Kenyans. They wish to facilitate clean, accessible and affordable energy for all those who are in need of it. However, although this project has been going on for quite some time now, it has not truly made any drastic changes in Kenya's population.
As with many other countries, the connection between energy and poverty can be seen from the data analyzed above. Because of Kenya's low energy and electricity accessibility rate, people are unable to use energy to meet their living needs, resulting in a poor and unhealthy lifestyle. With help from international aid programs, and greater awareness of the problems of energy and poverty, the government may be able to afford more fossil fuels, coal, and maybe even renewable energy for their people to use in order to maintain a healthier lifestyle, and provide access to education more broadly to its people.